World Indigenous Peoples Day The General Assembly of the United Nations, on February 17, 1995, through its resolution A/RES/49/214, decides that on August 9 of each year the International Day of Indigenous Populations will be celebrated.
The celebration offers an opportunity to recognize indigenous communities – their traditions, values, languages, and customs – and the contribution they have made in strengthening national cultures. With the commemoration of this day, the United Nations seeks to obtain the greatest support from governments and all sectors of society to find together the solution to the problems faced by indigenous communities in areas such as human rights, the environment, development, education, and health.
We can highlight that indigenous peoples represent a great diversity: more than 5,000 different groups in some 90 countries and speak an overwhelming majority of the approximately 7,000 languages of the world. They are made up of approximately 370 million people, that is, more than 5% of the world’s population, and yet they are among the most disadvantaged and vulnerable populations, representing 15% of the poorest.
On the other hand, we find that the right of indigenous peoples to education is protected by the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which in article 14 provides that:
“Indigenous peoples have the right to establish and control their educational systems and institutions that provide education in their own languages, in accordance with their cultural methods of teaching and learning.”
Thus, linking the issue of the right of indigenous peoples to education with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, we can mention objective four, which calls for ensuring equal access to all levels of education and professional training for vulnerable people, including people with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in situations of vulnerability.
For its part, the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States recognizes in its 2nd article that the Nation has a multicultural composition originally based on its indigenous peoples, which are those that descend from populations that inhabited the current territory of the country when colonization began. And that they conserve their own social, economic, cultural, and political institutions, or part of them.
Due to the problem of respect, protection, and defense of the human rights of the indigenous population, the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) created 1992 the Coordination of Indigenous Affairs, as a specialized area to deal with complaints from them, their towns and communities; with the purpose of providing greater coverage to the care of this group in a situation of vulnerability. In February 1998, the Fourth General Inspectorate began to operate, specializing in the protection, defense, promotion, and dissemination of the human rights of the country’s indigenous peoples, and whose purpose is to promote actions to strengthen respect for the rights, culture, and traditions of indigenous peoples.
On the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, we reaffirm the rights of indigenous peoples and our common commitment to promoting the values of equity, justice, and dignity for all.
Indigenous peoples represent an enormous variety of people: 5,000 different groups in 90 countries. They constitute more than 5% of the world’s population, some 370 million people. As a whole, they are custodians of a valuable cultural heritage that in many cases is rapidly disappearing. We see their creativity and innovations in the arts, literature, and sciences. The theme of this year’s celebration highlights those contributions: “Indigenous Designs: Celebrating our histories and cultures, creating our own future.”
Indigenous peoples face many problems in maintaining their identity, traditions, and customs, and their cultural contributions are sometimes exploited and commercialized, with little or no recognition. We must do more to recognize and enforce their right to control their intellectual property and help them protect, develop and get fair compensation for their cultural heritage and traditional knowledge that ultimately benefits us all.
Let us celebrate and recognize together the histories, cultures, and specific identities of the world’s indigenous peoples. At the same time, let us work to strengthen their right
On this Indigenous Peoples Day, commit to teaching children to make deep connections to today’s indigenous land and nations, as well as spotlight and learn about indigenous heroes, artists, writers, and musicians throughout the year. Here are some tips to get you started.s and support their aspirations.
Transform the discourse of people from the Indigenous Peoples Day past:
Choose books that are tribe-specific name a specific tribal nation and present it accurately, written by indigenous authors play a vital role to celebrate indegenous peoples’ day, set in the present day, and are relevant throughout the year, to keep indigenous peoples visible throughout the school year.” She induces the young students to investigate whose territory they are in. This small but crucial action will help children make connections to the territory and to the original inhabitants and guardians of the places they call home.
Explore Whose Land:
Territories by Land. This online resource offers information on Native American nations throughout the United States, as well as access to many of their websites. The websites provide a platform to research upcoming events and ways to support local indigenous communities and to celebrate indegenous peoples’ day.
Find resources created by indigenous people a day:
Children have a good notion of what is fair and what is not. Expand your learning about colonial whites by watching Grandpa’s Drum Molly of Denali. Molly of Denali is a show created by Alaska Native writers and advisors. It is also one of the first children’s television shows to have an American Indian lead. Here are some tips to get the most out of this resource and celebrate indigenous peoples day:
- Define the shared language. As you watch the video, talk about words like American Indian, Native American, and Alaskan Native. Explain that most Indians prefer to be called by their specific tribal group. Remind your child that if he’s not sure, the best thing to do is ask. Encourage your child to practice the Athabascan words, from the Athabascan Indians of Alaska, that he hears. Link this to the importance of being able to speak your native language and honor your identity by saying your name correctly.
- Learn about the making of the episode. Watch this video on the creation of Grandpa’s Drum to learn more about the real experiences of Alaska Natives who were sent to boarding schools far away.
Talk about Indigenous community and heritage
Is critical to fostering resilience, self – Developing a healthy identity love, and emotional growth. Children can recognize and celebrate their own cultures and cultural identities while respecting and honoring the experiences of others. Discuss what a community looks, sounds, and feels like. Create a piece of art, poem, sculpture, or song that illustrates this concept. it is an important way to celebrate indigenous peoples’ day.
Read children’s books created by indigenous
Representation matters. Books should open windows for children to learn about experiences different from their own while validating their own through mirrors that reflect their multiple identities. There is a wonderful indigenous peoples’ day meanwhile some of the writers of children’s literature today are producing works of great quality.